Inv. n°: MMoCA611

A Greek Shield Device

The emblem is in the form of a lion holding a spearhead in his right paw and biting into the blade. The whole bronze surface of the lion is decorated with naturalistic representations of muscles, veins and coat by the cold working techniques of punching and engraving. Hinges around the outline of the object suggest a removable fastening onto a shield or banner in ancient times. The size of the emblem suggests that it was fastened onto a round support. The quality of this piece suggests that it is the work of a craftsman from one of the kingdoms North of ancient Greece. Greek, probably from the Black Sea area or Macedonia.

h. 62.5 x w. 57.5 cm

c. 4th century BC

Bronze sheet metal, partly tinned


  • Ex-collection of Dr. Herrmann Born, Berlin, until 2005
  • Acquired by a New York collector on the German Art market, 2005
  • Acquired at Robert Haber Ancient Art, 10th December 2010


  • M. Burns, "Graeco-Italic Militaria" in M. Merrony (ed.), Mougins Museum of Classical Art, France, 2011, p.196, 40
  • J. Gaunt, "J. Paul Getty Conservation Institute", Toward the Derveni Krater: On the Rarity of Large Bronze Vessels of the Archaic and Classical Periods Bearing Large Figural Registers, XIXth International Congress on Ancient Bronzes, Los Angeles, 2017, p. 216, fig. 26.4
  • V. Torres- Hugon, "Hoplite, le premier guerrier de l'histoire", Antiquité, le magazine de l'Antiquité Européenne. Hors-série, Éditions Heimdal, France, Autumn 2017, p. 16
  • V. Torres-Hugo, Hoplite, le premier guerrier de l'histoire, Éditions Heimdal, France, 2018, p. 16
  • K-A Kazek, in Heimdal (ed.), Chasseurs & Gladiateurs : L'épopée des héros de l'arène, 2019, p. 15
  • R. Leung, "From 4th-Century Greek Vases to Female Abstract Expressionism", Larry's List, 2022, [On-line]. Available at:


  • Musée d'Art Classique de Mougins (MACM), Mougins, France, from June 2011

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