Inv. n°: MMoCA600

Roman Bronze Helmet

Deaccessioned at Christie's New York, Arms and Armour from the Mougins Museum of Classical Art sales, the 30th January 2024. Bronze skull section of a cavalry helmet of the Pfonhofen type configured for the inclusion of a face mask, decorated with feather ornaments, the central crest terminates in a female protome – perhaps the goddess Minerva – flanked by rearing lions in splendid relief.

h. 28 x w. 21.5 x ø 23 cm

AD 175-225



  • Ex Axel Guttmann collection
  • Hermann Historica, Auction 49, Munich, 19th October 2005, lot 177
  • Acquired at Hermann Historica, Auction 60, Munich, 13th October 2010, lot 2183


  • M. Junkelmann, Römische Helme, Axel Guttmann collection, Berlin/Mainz, Germany, 2000, vol. 8, pp. 190-193, fig. 103-105, no. XXII
  • Hermann Historica, Auction 49, Munich, 19th October 2005, lot 177
  • Hermann Historica, Auction 60, Munich, 13th October 2010, lot 2183
  • M. Junkelmann, "Roman Militaria" in M. Merrony (ed.), Mougins Museum of Classical Art, France, 2011, p. 258, fig. 58
  • "Roman Military Equipment", Roman Coins (online), [on-line] available at:
  • M. Merrony, Musée d’Art Classique de Mougins. La Collection Famille Levett, France, 2012, p. 71
  • K. Schörle (ed.), L’armée de Rome, la puissance et la gloire, Musée départemental Arles antique, France, 2018, pp. 61 and 81, no. 38
  • "The Power and the Glory" in J. Coulston (ed.), Minerva: the International Review of Ancient Art & Archaeology Magazine, March/April 2019, vol. 30, no. 2, p. 16, no. 4


  • Musée d'Art Classique de Mougins (MACM), Mougins, France, from June 2011
  • L’armée de Rome, la puissance et la gloire, Musée de départemental de l’Arles antique, Arles, France, 15th December 2018 — 22nd April 2019

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