Inv. n°: MMoCA599

Roman Kalkriese Type Mask from a Cavalry Helmet

Deaccessioned at Christie's New York, Arms and Armour from the Mougins Museum of Classical Art sales, the 30th January 2024. Probably from a helmet of Weiler/Koblenz-Bubenheim type Said to come from the Danube regions, and of unusual interest to military history because it is the only published mask of such quality with so clear an inscription. Forged iron overlaid with tinned sheet brass, the beardless face with eye, nostril and mouth openings and sculpted in considerable detail, four large holes on the forehead and two similar ones under the chin, the forehead hinge in form of a sheet-iron eyelet with a riveted copper-eyelet repair, and along the right edge a struck inscription: 'TVR PAVLI / FUSCI', meaning either "Paulus' Horse troop, property of Fuscius", or "Paulus Fuscius' horse troop" (turma, horse troop or squadron), translated by Günther E. Thüry.

h. 16.5 cm

1st century BC



  • Axel Guttmann Collection (AG 812), acquired in Zurich
  • Acquired at Hermann Historica, Auction 60: "Antiquities including from the Axel Guttmann Collection", Munich, 13th October 2010, lot 2182


  • M. Junkelmann, Römische Helme, Axel Guttmann collection, Berlin/Mainz, Germany, 2000, vol. 8,  p. 149, plate XXI & pp. 189-190
  • Hermann Historica, Auction 60, 13th October 2010, lot 2182
  • M. Junkelmann, "Roman Militaria" in M. Merrony (ed.), Mougins Museum of Classical Art, 2011, p. 259, fig. 62
  • M. Squire et al., The Classical Now, London, 2018, p. 107
  • Andrei Negin, "The Old Zeichhaus Library" in Andrei Negin (ed.), Roman Decorated Armour from the Principals' Periods, Russian Vityazi Foundation, Russia, 2020, p. 109
  • Ville de Mougins, "C'est quoi cette oeuvre?'", Mougins Infos, France, Eté 2021, no. 79, p. 29


  • Musée d'Art Classique de Mougins (MACM), Mougins, France, from June 2011

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