Inv. n°: MMoCA191

Roman Shield Boss

The central raised tondo with representation of Minerva, wearing characteristic high crested and plumed helmet, seated before a flaming altar, the encircling band decorated with twin snakes, four profile heads and a Roman imperial eagle with wings outspread.

ø 21.6 x d. 6.8 cm

3rd century AD

Tinned Copper-Alloy


  • Axel Guttmann Collection (R 134/ AG 598), Paris, acquired in 1996
  • Christie’s London South Kensington, The Axel Guttmann Collection of Ancient Arms and Armour, Part 1, London, 28th April 2004, lot 150
  • Acquired at Hermann Historica, Auction 56, Munich, 8th October 2008, lot 64


  • H. Born and M. Junkelmann, Römische Kampf- und Turnierrüstungen (Sammlung Axel Guttmann), Mainz, 1997, vol. 4, pp. 78-79,144-146 (Fig. 90-91),166, 198-201 (plates XXIX – XXXI), 209-215
  • Christie’s, The Axel Guttman Collection of Ancient Arms and Armours, Part 2, 28th April 2004, lot 150, p.148
  • Hermann Historica, Auction 56, Munich, October 2008, lot 64
  • R. D'Amato and D. Sumner, Arms and Armour of the Imperial Roman Soldier, from Marius to Commodus, 2009, 112-192 AD , p. 196, no. 286
  • M. Junkelmann, "Roman Militaria" in M. Merrony (ed.), Mougins Museum of Classical Art, France, 2011, p. 260, fig.63
  • P. McDonnell-Staff, Ancient Warfare, Karwansaray Publishers, The Netherlands, 2013, vol. VI, issue 5, p. 23
  • "Roman Military Equipment", Roman Coins, on-line, available on:


  • The J. Paul Getty Museum, Roman Sculpture Gallery, Getty Villa, California, USA, 1st September 2017 — 1st October 2020
  • Musée d'Art Classique de Mougins (MACM), Mougins, France, from June 2011

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